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Cox's Bazar: Myanmar's military has been accused of planting land mines in the path of Rohingya Muslims fleeing violence in its western Rakhine state, with Amnesty International reporting two people wounded today.

Meanwhile, the United Nations has appealed for aid to deal with a humanitarian crisis unfolding in southern Bangladesh after the number of Rohingyas fleeing Myanmar neared 300,000, just two weeks after violence erupted there.

The fighting forced almost 300,000 Rohingya to flee Myanmar towards the border with Bangladesh, despite facing growing danger of sickness, bullet wounds and attempts by Bangladesh authorities to send them home.

It said during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's recent visit to Myanmar, he had "expressed his concern at the casualties of security forces as well as other innocent lives".

India on Saturday said it was "deeply concerned" with the ongoing violence in Myanmar's Rakhine state and the "outflow of refugees" from the region.

A group of Rohingya Muslim insurgents have declared a one-month temporary ceasefire starting on Sunday, 10 September, in Myanmar's restive Rakhine state, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (Arsa) said.

The event was attended by more than 300 people, including some 80 Rohingya Muslims.

The surge of refugees - many sick or wounded - has strained the resources of aid agencies and communities already helping hundreds of thousands of victims of previous spasms of violence in Myanmar.

Numerous refugees are stranded near rivers and on mountains, unable to cross but afraid to return home.

Dhaka Tribune journalist Adil Sakhawat told the Observer he had seen black-clothed Arsa militants in control of a Myanmar border outpost at Kutkhali on the Naf river, on the frontier with Bangladesh.

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The Myanmar government says almost 400 people have been killed in fighting it blames on insurgents, though Rohingya say Myanmar troops and Buddhist mobs attacked them and destroyed their villages. Protests also took place in Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Iran where President Hassan Rouhani condemned Myanmar's brutal crimes against Rohingya Muslims, calling them "a big humanitarian catastrophe" tantamount to "ethnic cleansing".

Bangladesh's government has called the fresh influx of Rohingya seeking shelter on its territory unprecedented, saying it is struggling to cope with the flood of new refugee arrivals from neighboring Rakhine.

The Myanmar government has said it would establish three camps in north, south and central Maungdaw - the epicentre of the violence and a Rohingya majority area. They said they would contact him once they had arrived in Bangladesh.

It has also taken note of the statement of the Muslim organisations that they had demanded refugee status for the Rohingya Muslims.

At least 18,500 Rohingyas, mostly women and children, have registered in Bangladesh, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said on Wednesday.

A new wave of violence broke out on August 25 after dozens of police and border outposts in the state of Rakhine came under attack purportedly by a group claiming to be the defenders of the Rohingya.

"No country can accuse India of being intolerant or inhuman in dealing with Rohingyas".

They are denied citizenship and regarded as illegal migrants from Bangladesh.

Analysts blame Myanmar's government for the conditions that led to the group's creation.


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