Ismail Haniyeh, the new Hamas leader speaks to the press during his visit to a solidarity tent for hunger-striking Palestinian prisoners held by Israel, at the main square in Gaza City, Monday, May 8, 2017.

Gaza, ( Member of Hamas political bureau Osama Hamdan stated that Ismail Haniyeh is the new chairman of Hamas political bureau and he will succeed Khaled Meshaal.

That government was short-lived, in part because Hamas refused, then as now, to fulfill global conditions for recognition, including renouncing violence, recognizing Israel's right to exist, and accepting signed agreements between Israel and the Fatah-dominated Palestine Liberation Organization.

"Hamas does not wage a struggle against the Jews because they are Jewish but wages a struggle against the Zionists who occupy Palestine".

His tenure was short-lived as clashes between Hamas and Fatah soon-after saw the collapsed of the national unity government which led to two separate administrations that exist until now - the Fatah-led West Bank and Hamas in the Gaza Strip.

Haniya, seen as a pragmatist within the movement, is expected to remain in the Gaza Strip, the Palestinian enclave run by Hamas since 2007.

The new document no longer defines Hamas as "the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood", perhaps an attempt at better relations with Egypt, which has banned the Muslim Brotherhood and imprisoned many of its leaders.

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Israel, along with Egypt, has been enforcing a border blockade against the group since then. In February, he was elected Hamas leader for Gaza, a post that makes him Haniyeh's deputy.

Israeli Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan revealed Sunday that convicted Palestinian terrorist Marwan Barghouti, who has led a hunger strike in Israeli prisons, has been caught secretly eating. "We see Hamas continuing to invest all of its resources not just in preparing for war with Israel, but also in educating the children of Gaza to want to destroy Israel".

"Hamas may use starting a war with Israel as a way to get out of this crisis with the Palestinian Authority", Ronny Shaked, Head of the Middle East Studies Department, Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem told The Media Line.

Gaza resident Rani Abu Samra said he hoped Haniyeh's election could bridge gaps with Fatah and mark "a new beginning for a real reconciliation on the internal Palestinian level".

However, when Hamas violently seized control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007, Abbas fired Haniya. Meshaal has been living in exile in Qatar and once resided in Syria.

He was born in the Shatti refugee camp in western Gaza City in 1963. His position got enhanced in Hamas during Al-Aqsa Intifada because of his relationship with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin and because of the Israeli assassinations of the movement's leaders.