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President Trump's executive order asking the Department of the Interior to review all national monument designations on federal public land since 1996 will not affect Birmingham's national monument, Mayor William Bell's office confirmed. A report is expected within 45 days, focusing on the Bears Ears National Monument in Utah enacted by Obama previous year, with the full report due in 120 days. "Think of it - 265 million acres of land and water under federal control through the abuse of the monuments designation". "It's time we end this abusive practice".

President Donald Trump's sweeping review of more than two decades' worth national monument designations includes a unique undersea area 150 miles off the New England coast that CT lawmakers fought to preserve a year ago.

Trump, signing the order at the Interior Department, described the designations as a "massive federal land grab" and ordered the agency to review and reverse some of them.

Some have questioned whether the president has the authority to revoke national monuments, as it's never been tried before.

But Sen. Martin Heinrich, D-N.M., said that if Trump truly wants to make America great again, he should use the law to protect and conserve America's public lands.

Republicans like Bishop are arguing that the Antiquities Act could be used to completely do away with national monuments instead of just creating them. "This executive order does not remove any monuments".

Yet Zinke echoes Trump's tough talk about how the designation of monuments under the 1906 Antiquities Act costs rural communities jobs and reduces access to public lands. Attorney General Homer Cummings explained that "if public lands are reserved by the president for a particular goal under express authority of an act of Congress, the president is thereafter without authority to abolish such reservation".

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Language contained in the EO, including that certain monument designations may "create barriers to achieving energy independence", strongly suggests that the Trump administration may ultimately decide to trim some of the national monuments created by the law.

"Attempting to wipe national monuments off the map with the stroke of a pen would be illegal and unpopular, and this review will show as much", Grijalva, the senior Democrat on the Natural Resources Committee, said in a statement.

Zinke tried to reassure the public as he discussed the executive order stating, "nobody loves public lands more than I do". In 1938, President Franklin Roosevelt sought to abolish a monument designated by President Calvin Coolidge; Roosevelt's attorney general said it couldn't be done.

The five Native American tribes that pushed to create the Bears Ears monument to protect ancestral land said they will fight to protect it.

Over the last 20 years, Zinke said, tens of millions of acres have been designated as national monuments, limiting their use for farming, timber harvesting, mining and oil and gas exploration, and other commercial uses.

There are roughly 30 national monuments at risk of losing their federally protected status, and below is an interactive map of which monuments are now being reviewed.

Martin said national monuments provide recreational, economic and health benefits to their surrounding communities.